Koryū (古流 old style) and kobudō (古武道 ancient martial arts) are Japanese terms that are used to describe Japanese martial arts that predate the Meiji restoration (1868).
This term literally translates as "old school" (ko—old, ryū—school) or "traditional school". Koryū is also a general term for Japanese schools of martial arts that predate the Meiji Restoration (1868) which sparked major socio-political changes and led to the modernization of Japan.
The system of koryū is considered in following priorities order: 1) combat, 2) discipline 3) morals.
Examples of skills taught in koryū or kobudō
Battojutsu (抜刀術) Bojutsu (棒術) Hojōjutsu (捕縄術) Iaijutsu (居合術) Jōjutsu (杖術:じょうじゅつ) Jujutsu (柔術) Juttejutsu (十手術) Kenjutsu (剣術) Kyujutsu (弓術) Naginatajutsu (長刀術) Ninjutsu (忍術) Shurikenjutsu (手裏剣術) Sojutsu (槍術)
List of koryū schools of martial arts
This is an incomplete list of koryū (lit. "traditional schools", or "old schools"). Koryū are schools of martial arts that originated in Japan, and were founded prior 1876, when the act prohibiting the wearing of swords (Haitōrei) came into effect after the Meiji Restoration.
Asayama Ichiden-ryū Kashima Shin-ryū Suiō-ryū Tatsumi-ryū Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū Takenouchi-ryū Yagyū Shingan-ryū
Grappling/close-quarters ryu (armoured, unarmoured)
Hontai Yōshin-ryū Kitō-ryū Kukishin-ryū Sekiguchi-ryū Shindo Yoshin-ryū Sosuishi-ryū Tenjin Shin'yō-ryū Yagyū Shingan-ryū Yōshin-ryū - Founded by Akiyama Yoshitoki Yōshin-ryū (Yōshin Koryū) - Founded by Miura Yōshin
Sword-drawing ryu (Batto, iai, etc.)
Hoki-ryū Mugai-ryū Musō Shinden-ryū Musō Jikiden Eishin-ryū Tamiya-ryū
Sword-fighting ryu (kenjutsu, tojutsu)
Hyōhō Niten Ichi-ryū Ittō-ryū Hokushin Ittō-ryū Itto Shoden Muto-ryū Kogen Ittō-ryū Mizoguchi-ha Ittō-ryū Nakanishi Ittō-ryū Ono-ha Ittō-ryū Jigen-ryū Kage-ryū Kage-ryū (Aizu) Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage-ryū Kashima Shintō-ryū Maniwa Nen-ryū Nen-ryū Tennen Rishin-ryū Tenshin Shōden Katori Shintō-ryū Shingyotō-ryū Shinkage-ryū Yagyū Shinkage-ryū
Spear/polearm-fighting ryu (sojutsu, naginatajutsu)
Higo Ko-ryū Hōzōin-ryū Tendō-ryū Toda ha Buko-ryū Yoshin-ryu - Not to be confused with Hontai Yōshin-ryū
Stick/Staff ryu (jo, bo)
Isshin-ryū - Not to be confused with Isshin-ryū karate